Student Projects

Projects Open Day, Session: 2019
Date: 3 June 2019.
Experts for Project Open Day:
Dr. Prashant Mukherjee (HOD of Civil Engineering Department),Chandra Bhanu Raman (MD in MSPARK FUTURISTIC), Sachin Tiwari, Dr.Manendra Singh(Faculty)
Best Project:
Landslides are one of the most widespread natural phenomena that are witnessed in the Himalayan terrain, causing colossal damage to property and infrastructure, besides loss of human lives and livestock almost every year. In order to reduce the risk emanating from potential landsilde,there is a need to generate a comprehensive Landslide Susceptibility Zonation(LSZ) map of the area for an effective and efficient disaster management. Inspection of literature reveals a number of concepts, methodology and techniques of LSZ have been attempted, viz. heuristic , statistical and deterministic based approaches. However, no general consensus exists either on the methods or on the scope of producing landslide susceptibility maps. The various causal factors responsible for landslide occurrence e.g., slope, aspect, relative relief, lithology, structure(confined thrusts, faults), lineaments, land use and land cover, distance to drainage, drainage density anthropogenic factors like distance to road that are associated with landslide activity, have been considered and the corresponding thematic layers have been generated using remote sensing and GIS techniques.The relative importance of these layers for causing landslides has been evaluated using a lanslide susceptibilty zonation(LSZ) map has been generated. The accuracy of the LSZ map has been evaluated using frequency ratio and success rate methods and indicates more than 85% of landslide prediction accuracy.
Ravi Pratap Singh, Sanjeev Kumar Singh, Ram Sagar Gupta, Satnam Saran under the guidance of Miss Kshama Singh

The project deals with the designing of T-Beam Bridge of span 18.33m length. The design of superstructure consists of design of deck slab, longitudinal girders, cross girders and overhanging cantilever portion.
The bridge is designed by using Limit State method as per the recommendations given by IS-456:2000. The superstructure is designed for IRC vehicle loading, self-weight and dead load. All the elements are designed by using M35 grade Concrete an FE415 grade steel. The factor of Safety is applied partially to the stresses an working loads. The method adopted for calculation of loads and Bending Moments is Piegaud’s curve Method. The other method adopted for calculations of reactions of Longitudinal girders is Courbon’s method.
The adequacy of the design is further verified using the STAAD PRO and further conclusions are derived.
Md. Amir Hussain, Piyush Kumar Verma, Saurabh Raj, Vivek Yadav, Danish Sarfaraz under the guidance of Mr. Sachin Tiwari

Design of tall chimneys require dynamic analysis for loads due to self-weight, earthquake and wind. Wind analysis is done for along wind as well as across wind by simplified method as well as by random response method. The seismic analysis is performed using response spectrum method. Industrial Chimneys are generally intended to support critical loads produced by seismic activity and wind. So, it is essential to evaluate the dynamic response of chimney to seismic activity and wind loads. Response to earthquake and wind are more critical as chimney is a slender structure. Further study continues on deciding the governing loads for chimneys for the loads considered.
The analysis is carried out using Staad pro and MS Excel computer software and research papers are also considered in this design.
Sagar Jaiswal,Vishwajeet Ranjan, Rajat Agrahari, Utkarsh Singh under the guidance of Mr. Mukesh Kumar.


Projects Open Day, Session: 2018
Date: 4 June 2018.
Experts for Project Open Day::
Dr. Prashant Mukherjee (HOD of Civil Engineering Department), Chandra Bhanu Raman (MD in MSPARK FUTURISTIC),Rahul Shakya(faculty)
Best Project:
For safe and economical design, scour around the bridge piers is required to be controlled. The performance of any scour protection/controlling device around bridge piers depends on how the device counters the scouring process.
The efforts have been made to reduce the effect of scour around the bridge pier by providing the flow altering devices among which collar and slot are provided. Collars of different diameters has been provided at the base of the pier and a combination of collar and slot is also provided in the pier to study the effect on scouring. Both the conditions are used individually and together to get the better result about scouring effect. In this, a detailed review of up-to-date work on scour reduction around bridge pier is presented, in which different parameters were also considered such as width of scour, depth of scour, upstream length of scour, and downstream length of scour with the variation of flow as well. By doing the complete study and experimental analysis we found that to reduce the scouring effect around pier the combination of collar and slot is very good with the size of collar 1.5D, where D is the diameter of pier which is used in the experiment.
Vishal Gupta, Akhand Pratap Singh, Md. Zulfiquar Ali Ansari, Pawan Kumar Nishad, Abhishek Kumar under the guidance of M. Saarim Khan

The present study has been undertaken to evaluate performance efficiency of a wastewater treatment plant. A sewage treatment plant operating on biological treatment method. (Activated Sludge Process) with an average wastewater in flow of 78 MLD has been considered for case study. Wastewater sample were collected at different stages of treatment units and analyzed for the measure water quality parameter such as BOD, COD, TSS, TDS. The performance efficiency of each unit in treating the pollutant was calculated overall performance of the plant also has been estimated, the obtained result was very much useful in identification and rectification of operational and maintenance problem as well as the future expansion to be carried out in the plant to meet the increased hydraulic and organic loadings.
Ravi Kumar, Amit Kumar, Md. Arquam Ali, Upendra Yadav , Anil Yadav , Ritesh Kumar Rao under the guidance of Mr. Amit Krishan(Asst. Prof.)

Due to rapid growth of population, rapidly increasing in industries which directly increases waste without any management. In this world where some countries are developed and some are developing, the unbelievable demand of steel is on its peak, but it leads toward a dumping ground of industrial waste. For reduction of this dumping of scrap and save the earth from this hazardous problem utilization of steel scrap in concrete is the key step for save the environment and achieving sustainability that will enable the earth to continue to support human life. This paper presents a research to utilization of waste (CNC lathe waste) by partial replacement (5% by weight of natural coarse aggregate) with coarse aggregate.
The project work emphasis on the study of using steel scrap and manufacture sand in the innovative construction industry. “Steel scrap” concrete is a concrete containing fibrous material that is uniformly distributed and casually oriented. The steel scrap waste material which is obtainable from the lathe can be used as steel fiber for the innovative construction industry and in pavement construction. It is generated by each lathe industries dumping of theses wastes contaminates the soil and groundwater, which creates a harmful environment. In addition, to get sustainable development and environmental benefits, lathe scrap with concrete is likely to be used. In this project steel scrap concrete using lathe waste is prepared and its properties are studied. “Manufactured sand” is such alternative for good quality Natural River sand due to depletion of resources and restriction due to environmental consideration has made concrete manufacturers look for suitable alternative fine aggregate.
Lakshay Singh, Anuj Bhati, Rishabh Sharma, Ashok Kumar, Pankaj under the guidance of Miss. Krishna Gayatri Goala


Student Project Details (2019-2020 Batch)

Download Student Project Details (2019-2020 Batch)

Student Project Details (2018-2019 Batch)

Download Student Project Details (2018-2019 Batch)

Student Project Details (2017-2018 Batch)

Download Student Project Details (2017-2018 Batch)

Glass Fiber Reinforcement in Concrete

This project was undertaken to understand the complete functioning of the glass reinforcements in concrete. The objectives of this project report are to study the flexural and compressive behavior of the glass reinforcement with respect to steel rebar.

Analysis of the beams using GFRP (Glass fiber reinforced polymer) rebar as reinforcement, role of glass fiber reinforcement in the sustainable world and its utility to the society.

This study will cover and give a brief about the glass fiber rebar’s, its properties, design,analysis,uses and the effect on cost when used for construction purposes. This study would also focus on the advantages of these glass fiber rebar’s over steel rebar when casted with ordinary concrete and glass fiber reinforced concrete.

In the final part of this report results, calculations and observations are compiled on the basis of actual testing that give a base to glass fiber reinforcements that it can be used as reinforcing bar in the future in various structures.

Team : Bhanu Pratap, Abhinav Panwar, Rubina Siddiqui, Tanveer Singh Ahuja

Management of Industrial Solid Waste by Producing Artificial Aggregates

Aggregates are primarily naturally occurring, inert granular materials. Aggregates have an amazing variety of uses. Imagine our lives without roads, bridges, streets, bricks, concrete, wallboard, and roofing tiles. Every small town or big city and every road connecting them were built and are maintained with aggregates. Due to continuous usage of naturally available aggregate within a short length of time, these natural resources get depleted and it will be left nothing for future generations. The environmental impacts of crushed stone aggregates are a source of increasing concern in many parts of the country. The impact includes loss of forest, noise, dust, vibration and pollution hazards. Concerned about the depletion of natural sources and the effects on the environment, this necessitates the complete replacement or partial replacement of natural aggregates to bring down the escalating construction costs and therefore comes the use of artificial aggregate.

The world is much interested in the innovative production of alternate material in construction industry recently using industrial solid waste, the large scale utilization of these industrial solid waste reduces environmental pollution and dwindling natural resources. The aim of this study was to prepare artificial aggregate by industrial solid waste and the properties of artificial aggregates have been tested and compared with natural aggregates as per Indian Standards (IS).
Materials used were fly ash (35%), marble sludge powder (10%), quarry dust (25%), cement (30%) and water (25%) of the total weight of the materials. The artificial aggregates were prepared of round and angular shapes by the compaction with the help of hands. Then allowed them to dry in air for 24 hours and get cured up to 7 days. The total weight of artificial aggregates prepared was 15 kg.

Based on the experimental study carried on artificial aggregate it was concluded that the rounded shape of artificial aggregates gives better workability compared to the angular natural aggregates. The crushing value, abrasion value and impact value of artificial aggregate was 28.6%, 29.12% and 18.36% respectively which was within the allowable permissible limit as per IS-2386 (Part 4) but the water absorption and specific gravity of artificial aggregate were 6.3% and 3.3 respectively which was greater than the allowable permissible limit as per IS-2386 (Part 3). The compressive strength of concrete after 7, 14 and 28 days of curing was 17.56 N/mm2, 22.45 N/mm2 and 24.78 N/mm2 respectively which was within the allowable permissible limit as per IS-516 (1959).

The study revealed that the artificial aggregates are economical and environmental friendly and are a good alternative for civil engineering works and management for industrial solid waste. The addition of artificial aggregate has a reasonable cut down in the construction costs and gain good attention due to quality on par with conventional or natural aggregates.

Team : Amit Krishan, Gaurav Pandey, Kapil Gupta, Mohd. Umair, Zainul Abdden

Pervious Concrete: A Solution for Ground Water Management

Pervious concrete is a type of porous pavement surface that can be used as an infiltration practice for storm water management. It has an open-graded structure and consists of carefully controlled portions of small stone aggregate, cement, water, and admixtures. The open-graded structure of the concrete promotes rapid passage of water and allows it to infiltrate underlying soils. Pervious concrete, already recognized as a best management practice by the Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA, 1999), has the potential to become a popular alternative for dealing with storm-water runoff. Pervious concrete is a type of porous pavement surface that can be used as an infiltration practice for storm water management. It has an open-graded structure and consists of carefully controlled portions of small stone aggregate, cement, water, and admixtures. The open-graded structure of the concrete promotes rapid passage of water and allows it to infiltrate underlying soils. Pervious concrete, already recognized as a best management practice by the Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA, 1999), has the potential to become a popular alternative for dealing with storm-water runoff.

One of the main objectives of this project was to develop preliminary specifications for high quality pervious concrete suitable for used as permeable surface which helps in increasing the groundwater recharge with proper strength. Investigations were conducted to check the structural strength and durability characteristics of pervious concrete through the use of different mixture proportions.

The mixture proportion included Portland cement, coarse aggregate and fine aggregates by different weights. So from these materials, different specimens are made for checking the engineering properties.

Pervious concrete specimens were tested for density, void content, porosity, compressive strength and infiltration rate. Four different samples of different mixture proportions (only weight of fine sand is changed i.e. 7%, 15%, 25%, and 35% of the total aggregates) are tested for these tests. Compression test is done on the compression testing machine by applying hydraulic load and this test is done after 7 days. Infiltration rate is determined by the use of single ring infiltrometer procedure and the rate is calculated by using formula. This test is done on the 40 cm x 40 cm pervious concrete block.

So, by getting all the values of the samples, different relationships are generated for discussing the results of the test performed on the four samples. The relationship involves compressive strength-void ratio, void ratio-density, compressive strength-sand by weight and other relationships The study found that of the different samples tested, sample having Portland cement, coarse aggregate and fine sand (7% by total wt.) had the largest infiltration rate. This sample also has satisfactory strength which can bear the small load. Density of the sample is also good.

Team : Amit Krishan, Kartik Pandey, Vishal Mahour, Rajat Goyal, Ankush Sharma

Reusability of Construction & Demolition waste in bricks

Construction and Demolition (C&D) waste is one of the major components of the solid waste and is defined as a waste stream resulting from the construction, renovation and demolition of structures such as buildings, roads, and bridges. Although landfill disposal of C&D waste is not a preferred method for C&D waste management, a significant portion of C&D waste is disposed of in the landfills. Apart from the environmental and health risks, the landfill disposal of C&D waste also consumes a considerable amount of landfill volume. Due to the high construction cost and scarcity of land, it is important to take eco-friendly measures to save landfill volumes. Hence, diversion of C&D waste from the main waste stream can substantially help in gaining more land area. This is achieved by developing a sustainable construction material (brick) using construction and demolition (C&D) waste. Cement and fly ash were brought in use as a binder along with C&D waste as a replacement for natural coarse and fine aggregates.

In the present study construction and demolition waste brick of size 225 mm × 115 mm × 75 mm was developed for the two different compositions (F-type & C- type). Physio-mechanical tests (compressive strength and water absorption) were carried out as per Indian Standards for the considered composition. The test results are compared to commercially available clay bricks. Amongst the various trials carried out the C-type brick with the ratio of the binder, fine aggregate and coarse aggregate as 1:2.75:2.25 exhibit compressive strength (9.91 N/m2) and water absorption (8.8%) within the limits of Indian Standards with minimum self-weight (3.6 kg). The developed sustainable product can be practically implemented over any specific location by the manufacturer which serves the purpose of solid waste management.

Team : Amit Krishan, Mohit Agarwal, Rachit Kapoor, Piyush Yadav

Self-Healing Concrete

Concrete which forms major components in the construction Industry as it is cheap, easily available and convenient to cast. But drawback of these materials is it is weak in tension so, it cracks under sustained loading and due to aggressive environmental agents which ultimately reduce the life of the structure which are built using these materials. Synthetic materials like epoxies are used for remediation but, they are not compatible, costly, reduce aesthetic appearance and need constant maintenance. Therefore, bacterial induced Calcium Carbonate (calcite) precipitation has been proposed as an alternative and environment friendly crack remediation and hence improvement of strength of building materials.

Self-healing concrete is a product that will biologically produce limestone to heal cracks that appear on the surface of concrete structures. Specially selected types of the bacteria genus Bacillus, along with a calcium-based nutrient known as calcium lactate, and nitrogen and phosphorus, are added to the ingredients of the concrete when it is being mixed.
These self-healing agents can lie dormant within the concrete for up to 200 years. This project aims at creating chemically and biologically enhanced concrete. This concrete has a special property of healing its own cracks without any maintenance or care whenever they appear in concrete.

Bacteria used
• Bacillus pasteurii
• Bacillus subtilis

Preparation of bacterial solution
• Primarily 12.5g of Nutrient broth (media) is added to a 500ml conical flask containing distilled water.
• It is then covered with a thick cotton plug and is made air tight with paper and rubber band.
• It is then sterilized using a cooker for about 10-20 minutes. Now the solution is free from any contaminants and the solution is clear orange in colour before the addition of the bacteria.
• Later the flasks are opened up and an exactly 1ml of the bacterium is added to the sterilized flask and is kept in a shaker at a speed of 150- 200 rpm overnight.
• After 24 hours the bacterial solution was found to be whitish yellow turbid solution

Preparation of bacterial concrete
Bacterial concrete can be prepared in two ways
• By direct application
• By encapsulation in light weight concrete

Mechanism of self-healing concrete
When a concrete structure is damaged and water starts to seep through the cracks that appear in the concrete, the spores of the bacteria germinate on contact with the water and nutrients. Having been activated, the bacteria start to feed on the calcium lactate. As the bacteria feeds oxygen is consumed and the soluble calcium lactate is converted to insoluble limestone. The limestone solidifies on the cracked surface, thereby sealing it up. It mimics the process by which bone fractures in the human body are naturally healed by osteoblast cells that mineralize to re-form the bone.
The consumption of oxygen during the bacterial conversion of calcium lactate to limestone has an additional advantage. Oxygen is an essential element in the process of corrosion of steel and when the bacterial activity has consumed it all it increases the durability of steel reinforced concrete constructions.

Team : Nikhil Kumar, Mayank Yadav, Shubham Kumar, Yoginder Kumar, Sajal Verma

Ultra High Performance Concrete

The project is about the evaluation of the behavior of ultra-high performance concrete; it is new class of concrete that has been developed in recent decades. When compared with high performance concrete (HPC), Ultra High Performance Concrete tends to execute superior properties such as advanced strength, durability, high chemical resistance, very low porosity and long term stability.

The main thing that makes its different from conventional concrete is the use of steel fiber reinforcement, and some super plasticizers which give superior resistance to cracking and crack propagation. During the experiment work with specimen testing Ultra High Performance Concrete gave us very high compressive strengths, regardless of the curing treatment applied. The average 28 day compressive strength of submerged and air treated Ultra High Performance Concrete were found to be 70 N/mm2.

Durability testing has also demonstrated the enhanced characteristics of UHPC.Water absorption test also showed a superior performance of Ultra High Performance Concrete as compared to conventional concrete and found to be 7.2%..

Team : Om Narayan Singh, Singh, Ahmed Areeb, Akshsay Gupta, Raina Jain, Yogesh Joshi


Plot No.2 , APJ Abdul Kalam Road, Knowledge Park 3, Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India, 201306

Helpline No. 8010-000-234